## Problem Description

Leetcode problem Valid Palindrome asks you to determine if a given string is a valid palindrome or not. A palindrome is a word, phrase, or sequence of characters that reads the same forwards and backward. For example, "racecar" and "level" are palindromes.

The input string may contain letters, digits, and non-alphanumeric characters. We need to ignore non-alphanumeric characters and consider only alphanumeric characters (letters and digits).

## Solution

To solve this problem, we can use the **two-pointer** approach. We can start from the beginning and end of the string and compare the characters at each position. If the characters are not the same, we can immediately return false. We can continue this process until we reach the middle of the string.

We can use the `isalnum()`

method to check if a character is alphanumeric or not. This method returns `True`

if the character is an alphabet or a digit, otherwise `False`

.

Here's the step-by-step solution in Python:

```
def isPalindrome(s: str) -> bool:
i, j = 0, len(s) - 1
while i < j:
while i < j and not s[i].isalnum():
i += 1
while i < j and not s[j].isalnum():
j -= 1
if s[i].lower() != s[j].lower():
return False
i += 1
j -= 1
return True
```

We start with two pointers `i`

and `j`

pointing to the first and last character of the string, respectively. We iterate over the string using a `while`

loop while `i`

is less than `j`

. We check if the characters at `i`

and `j`

are alphanumeric using the `isalnum()`

method. If either of them is not alphanumeric, we move the corresponding pointer toward the center of the string until we find an alphanumeric character.

Once we find two alphanumeric characters at `i`

and `j`

, we convert them to lowercase using the `lower()`

method and compare them. If they are not the same, we return `False`

. If they are the same, we move `i`

one step forward and `j`

one step backward.

We continue this process until `i`

is no longer less than `j`

. If we haven't returned `False`

before reaching the end of the string, it means that the string is a valid palindrome, and we return `True`

.

## Complexity Analysis

The time complexity of this solution is O(N), where N is the length of the input string. We traverse the string once and perform constant time operations at each step.

The space complexity of this solution is O(1), as we are not using any extra space other than the input string.

## Conclusion

In this blog post, we learned how to solve the Valid Palindrome problem using the two-pointer approach in Python. We also learned how to check if a character is alphanumeric using the `isalnum()`

method and convert a character to lowercase using the `lower()`

method. I hope this post was helpful to you, and you now feel more confident in solving similar problems. Happy coding!😎